The NDDoH STI program receives funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to improve STI programs through assessment, assurance and policy development. For each of these core public health functions, there are activities essential to STI programs. These key activities include:
- Monitor the incidence and estimated prevalence of STIs in the state. Diseases that are monitored include: chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.
- Utilize surveillance data to better characterize STI risks and identify disproportionately affected populations.
- Assess the risks for STIs and develop effective STI prevention programs. These programs include partner notification and linkage to care.
- Justify necessary federal funding to support continued STI prevention, services and surveillance activities.
The essential activities aim to reduce the number of cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis; improve the integration of STI services into clinical care across the health care system; increase access to STI services for those populations most at-risk; and reduce the threats of antibiotic resistant gonorrhea, other emerging STIs and congenital syphilis.
Many sexually active individuals should be screened for STIs at least once per year. Many individuals who have a STI don't know they are infected and they don't have symptoms, but they can still cause health problems. The only way to know for sure if you have an STI is to get tested.